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Facts About Afghanistan | Afghanistan Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Afghanistan - Category: Introduction - Background: Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 Communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan Communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-Communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City, a US, Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

Category: Government - Independence: 19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs)

Category: People - Age structure (%): 0-14 years: 44.6% (male 7,474,394/female 7,121,145); 15-64 years: 53% (male 8,901,880/female 8,447,983); 65 years and over: 2.4% (male 383,830/female 409,144) (2008 estimate)

Category: Economy - Natural gas - imports (cu m): 0 cu m (2007 estimate)

Category: Geography - Coastline (km): 0 km (landlocked)

Category: Transportation - Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 34; over 3,047 m: 1; 2,438 to 3,047 m: 4; 1,524 to 2,437 m: 16; 914 to 1,523 m: 4; under 914 m: 9 (2007)

Category: Communications - Radio broadcast stations: AM 21, FM 5, shortwave 1 (broadcasts in Pashto, Dari (Afghan Persian), Urdu, and English) (2006)

Category: Military - Military service age and obligation (years of age): 22 years of age; inductees are contracted into service for a 4-year term (2005)

Category: Transnational Issues - Disputes - international: Pakistan has built fences in some portions of its border with Afghanistan which remains open in some areas to foreign terrorists and other illegal activities

Other random facts about Afghanistan 

  1. People - Major infectious diseases: degree of risk: high; food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever; vectorborne disease: malaria; animal contact disease: rabies; note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)

  2. Government - Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador William B. WOOD; embassy: The Great Masood Road, Kabul; mailing address: U.S. Embassy Kabul, APO, AE 09806; telephone: [93] 700 108 001; FAX: [00 93] (20) 230-1364

  3. People - Literacy (%): definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 28.1%; male: 43.1%; female: 12.6% (2000 estimate)

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2028.html